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    英语考试

    专业四级专业八级中考英语高考英语自考英语托福托业公共英语GREGMAT

    刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 01(单词带例句)

    kira86 于2019-03-20发布 l 已有人浏览
    增大字体 减小字体
    刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
      小E英语?#38431;?#24744;,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

    acidify

    v. to make sour 酸化;变酸

    Adding vinegar will acidly the solution.

    加醋会使溶液变酸。

    * vinegar

    * solution

    溶液

    acidulous

    adj. 1. slightly sour 微酸的 2. sharp ?#39274;?#30340;

    His acidulous remarks towards the mayor put everyone ill at ease.

    他对市长?#39274;?#30340;评论使每个人都不自在。

    * be ill at ease

    不自在

    Synonym

    同义词:caustic; pungent; sarcastic

    acrimonious

    adj. bitter(言辞)刻毒的,讽刺的

    The contestant's acrimonious disposition was caused by previous failures in competition.

    这位参赛者刻薄的性情,是先前?#28909;?#30340;失利所造成的。

    * contestant

    参赛者

    * disposition

    性情

    adulterate

    v. to make impure by adding something of less value 掺混

    The concrete used in constructing the building had been adulterated by the addition of sea sand.

    建造那栋建筑物的水泥中,掺杂着海?#22330;?/p>

    * concrete

    水泥;混凝土

    Synonym

    同义词:alloy

    Antonym

    反义词:refine; purify

    agility

    n. quickness in movement 动作敏捷

     

    adj. agile

    Mrs. Jones' hands had an agility rare for her age.

    琼斯太太的双手动作很敏捷,这在她的年龄来说,是很少见的。

    Synonym

    同义词:swiftness; briskness; promptitude

    agitate

    v. to stir up 煽动

     

    n. agitation

    The excited words of the protesters agitated the already violent crowd.

    抗议者激动的言论,煽动了早已群情激动的群众。

    Synonym

    同义词:inflame; perturb

    Antonym

    反义词:appease; assuage; placate

    agrarian

    adj. of land, esp. farmland or its ownership 土地的(尤?#27010;?#32789;地或其所有权)

    The harsh climate of the desert makes agrarian land difficult to come by.

    沙漠地区的恶劣气候使?#38376;?#22320;不易获得。

    * come by

    获得

    agronomist

    n. scientist studying soil and the growing of crops 农学家

    In poor areas, small farmers do not have access to the expertise of agronomists to help maximize the productivity of their land.

    贫穷地区的小农夫们无法获?#38376;?#23398;?#19994;?#19987;门知识,来帮助提高土地的生产力。

    * expertise

    专门知识(技术)

    alienate

    v. to cause to become unfriendly or indifferent 离间;使书院

     

    n.adj. alien

    Many people believe the popular youth culture of today alienates adults and prevents communication between the generations.

    许多人认为目前流行的年轻?#35828;奈幕?#20351;得年轻人与大人疏远,阻碍了世代间的沟通。

    Synonym

    同义词:estrange; break off

    Antonym

    反义词:unite; reunite

    alimentary

    adj. of food and digestion 食物的;消化的

    The alimentary problems in western Africa are as much due to politics as they are to drought.

    西非的粮食问题,是由政?#25105;?#32032;?#32422;?#24178;旱所导致的。

    * drought

    干旱

    alimony

    n. payment by a husband to his divorced or separated wife 离婚赡养费

    In the United States many divorced fathers are negligent in their alimony payments, forcing their children into poverty.

    在美国,许多离婚的父亲常疏于支付赡养费,迫?#39038;?#20204;的孩子陷入贫困当?#23567;?/p>

    altercation

    n. noisy disagreement; quarrel 争论

    The police received a report of an altercation at a bar on the corner of Fifth Street and Elm Street.

    警方接获报?#31119;?#35828;第五街和榆树街角的一家酒吧有争执发生。

    Synonym

    同义词:controversy; dispute

    Antonym

    反义词:accord; concurrence; agreement

    altruism

    n. concern for the welfare of others 利他主义

    Many governments rely on the altruism of individual citizens or citizens' groups to allay the problems of the poor.

    许多政府?#35272;得?#38388;个人或团体的利他主义,来减轻穷?#35828;?#38382;题。

    * allay

    减轻

    Antonym

    反义词:egoism; selfishness

    amiable

    adj. of a pleasant nature 和蔼可亲的

    His amiable nature won him many friends in his office and his community.

    他和蔼可亲的天性让他在公司及社区里结交很多朋友。

    Synonym

    同义词:good-natured; complaisant; benign

    Antonym

    反义词:ill-natured; surly

    amicable

    adj. friendly 友善的

    Janice's amicable disposition hid her inner pain of long-term depression.

    珍妮丝友善的性情隐藏了她内心长期忧闷的痛苦。

    Antonym

    反义词:hostile; antagonistic

    cogent

    adj. convincing 使人?#27431;?#30340;

     

    n. cogency

    Her cogent argument persuaded the committee to adopt her proposal.

    她使人?#27431;?#30340;论证,说服了委员会?#36193;伤?#30340;提议。

    Synonym

    同义词:persuasive

    demagogue

    n. false leader of people 群众煽动家

    While his enemies called him a demagogue, his followers considered him a voice of the people.

    他的敌人说他是群众煽动家,而他的拥护者则认为他是人民的代言人。

    Synonym

    同义词:rabble-rouser

    enamored

    adj. in love 倾心的

    Vincent was so enamored with the works of the Impressionists; he filled his home with paintings by Monet.

    文森?#26434;?#21360;象派作?#32933;?#20998;倾心,所以他的家中摆满?#22235;?#20869;的书画。

    * Impressionist

    印象派画家

    Synonym

    同义词:fascinated; charmed; enchanted

    exaction

    n. demand for money 勒索

     

    v. exact

    The Mafia was so effective in its exaction of money; local merchants delivered the funds themselves.

    黑手党在勒索金钱方面实在很?#24184;?#22871;,当地的商人甚至?#32422;?#25226;钱送?#20581;?/p>

    Synonym

    同义词:extortion

    exigency

    n. urgent need 紧?#20445;?#36843;?#34892;?#35201;

    The exigency of the situation forced the rescue team to resort to using dynamite to blast their way to the trapped victims.

    情况紧?#20445;?#36843;使救援队使用炸药,炸开一条出路来解救受困者。

    * blast

    爆破

    Synonym

    同义词:emergency; urgency; necessity

    inalienable

    adj. unable to be diverted from others 无法夺取的;不可分割的

    The concept of individualism is inalienable from the works of most major American writers.

    个人主义的观念,和大部分美国重要作?#19994;?#20316;品,是不可分的。

    pedagogue

    n. teacher 教师

    Mr. Black was by far the most strict pedagogue at the academy.

    布雷克先生显然是全校最严格的老师。

    * by far

    显然

    peregrination

    n. travel 游历;旅行

    In his peregrinations through the countryside, he gained an appreciation for the beauty of nature.

    在他游历乡间之时,他学会了如何欣赏大自然之美。

    Synonym

    同义词:journey

    prolific

    adj. producing many or much 多产的;肥沃的

    Isaac Asimov, a science fiction writer, was one of this century's most prolific writers.

    科幻小说作家,艾萨克·阿兹莫夫,是本世纪最多产的作家之一。

    Synonym

    同义词:fertile; fruitful; fecund

    Antonym

    反义词:barren; sterile

    synagogue

    n. Jewish house of worship (犹太教的)会堂

    Every Friday evening, worshipers filled the small synagogue to share their faith with one another.

    每个星期五晚上,小会?#32654;鋃技?#28385;做礼拜的人,分享彼?#35828;?#20449;仰。

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