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    英语阅读

    专业四级专业八级中考英语高考英语自考英语托福托业公共英语GREGMAT

    备考:最全专八改错常考点

    lzy 于2017-10-11发布 l 已有人浏览
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    备考:最全专八改错常考点

     【1】固定搭配(箭头右边表示正?#36820;?#25645;配)

    1. in return to → in return for 报答

    2. substitute A with B → substitute A for B 用A代替B

    3. account 20% → account for 20% 占据…比例

    4. attitude on life → attitude towards/to life 对生活的态度

    5. in a quick speed → at a quick speed 高速

    6. with many respects → in many respects 在许多方面

    7. considerations to… → considerations for… 考虑

    8. become victims of … → become victims to … 成为牺牲品

    9. the problems with the government → the problems for the government 政府的难题

    10. resistance of → resistance to 抵抗

    11. embark sth. → embark on sth. 着手做某事

    12. at advance of sth. → in advance of sth. 提前,在…之前

    13. interpret… to → interpret… as 把…解释为…

    14. take pride of → take pride in ?#26223;?/p>

    15. leap out to… → leap out at… 扑过来

    16. inject them lethal strains → inject them withlethalstrains 注射

    17. charge him with the same price → charge himwiththe same price 收费

    18. imbalance of A and B → imbalance between A and B A与B间的不平衡

    19. fortify sb. for sth. → fortify sb. against sth. 加强…以抵御…

    20. cast/ throw/ shed light to sth. → cast/throw/ shed light on sth. 给…提供线索

    21. in proportion with → in proportion to 与…成比例

    22. pay for it with dollars → pay for it in dollars 用美元支付

    23. be in liberty to → be at liberty to 不受限制或支配

    24. be contrasted to → be contrasted with 形成反差,对立

    25. commit an offence to → commit an offence against 犯罪行为

    26. ability of (doing) sth. → ability in (doing) sth. 做某事的能力

    27. defend sth. against → defend sth. from 保护不受伤害

    28. at the first place → in the first place 首先

    29. take to do → take to doing 求助于,开始

    30. yearn to → yearn for ?#37322;?/p>

    31. at average → on average ?#39556;?/p>

    32. identify oneself to → identify oneself with 参加到…中

    33. be successful on doing → be successful at/in doing 成功做某事

    34. get one’s teeth on → get one’s teeth into 埋头做,认真做

    35. approach to do … → approach to doing … 做某事的方法

    36. succeed doing sth. → succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

    37. demand of luxury goods → demand for luxury goods 对奢侈?#36820;男?#27714;

    38. differ A from B → distinguish A from B 把A和B区分开

    【2】形近异义词的区分

    1. adapt v. 适合,改写 – adopt v. 采纳;收养

    2. confirm v. 批准,?#21857;?– conform v. ?#38469;?/p>

    3. former adj. 前者的 – formal adj. 正式的

    4. diary n. 日记 – dairy n. 牛?#22363;?/p>

    5. personal adj.私?#35828;?– personnel n.人员

    6. beside prep. 在…旁边 – besides adv. 除了

    7. principal adj. 主要的 – principle n. 原则

    8. conscious n. 意识 – conscientious adj. 认真负责的,良心的

    9. stationary adj.固定的,不动的 – stationery n. 文具,办公用品

    10. considerate adj. 体贴的 – considerable adj. 大量的

    11. affect v. 影响 – effect n. 影响

    12. contact v. 联系 – contract v. 收缩

    13. moral adj. 道德的 – morale n. ?#31185;?/p>

    14. industrious adj. 勤奋的 – industrial adj. 工业的

    15. desert n. 沙漠;v. 抛弃 – dessert n. 甜品

    16. require v. 要求 – acquire v. 获得,习得 – inquire v.咨询

    17. presence n. 出现,出席 – presentation n. ?#25925;?/p>

    18. transformation n. 改变 – transmission n. 传播

    19. value n. 价值 – evaluate v. 评估,测评

    20. tense n. 时态;adj. 紧的 – tension n. 紧张

    21. cooker n. 厨具 – cook n. 厨师

    22. complexity n. 复杂性– complex n. 合成体

    23. insurance n. 保险 – assurance n. 担保

    24. provide v. 提供 – provided/providing 如果

    25. perceive v. 理解 – conceive v. 构想,设想

    26. effective adj. ?#34892;?#30340; – affective adj. 受…影响的

    27. latter adj. 后面的 – later adj. 后来

    28. late adj. 迟的,已故的 – latest adj.最晚的,最新的

    29. farther adj.距离更远 – further adj.程度更进一步

    30. healthy adj.健康的 – healthful adj.?#24184;?#20581;康的

    31. continual adj.连续的 – continuous adj.?#20013;?#19981;断的

    32. respectable adj.可敬的; 体面的 – respectful adj.表示尊敬的

    33. historic adj.有历史意义的 – historical adj.有关历?#36820;?/p>

    34. rise vi. 起立;升起?#21804;?#22768;音)提高 – raise vt. 举起;种植;唤醒;提出;鼓起

    35. producing v. 生产 – productive adj. 产量高的

    36. lonely adj.精神上寂寞 – alone adj.单独,一个人

    37. across prep. 从中间穿过(介词) – cross v. 穿过(动词)

    38. permit n. 通行证 – permission n. ?#24066;?/p>

    39. memorizing v. 记住 – memorable adj. 值得纪念的

    40. normal n.常态,通常标准 – norm n. 规范,行为标准

    41. acceptability n. 可接受性 – acceptance n. 接受

    42. economical adj. 节俭的 – economic adj. 经济的

    43. agent n. 代理人 – agency n. 代理机构

    44. reward n. 回馈 – award n. 奖赏

    45. special adj. 特殊的 – specific adj. 特定的

    【3】逻辑连词:根据上下文逻辑关系,选择正?#36820;?#36923;辑连词

    1. therefore – nevertheless/however (大部分therefore?#23478;?#25913;为however)

    2. and – but

    3. but – because

    4. moreover – however

    5. after – before

    6. since – although

    7. that – if

    8. from now on – from then on

    9. all – none

    10. if – unless

    11. besides – except

    12. therefore – because

    13. so – because

    14. that’s why +结果 – that’s because +原因

    【4?#25239;?#35789;:不定冠词、定冠词、零冠词

    (1)冠词多余

    1. on the either side –> on either side

    2. in the Europe –> in Europe

    3. in the winter –> in winter (季节前不加冠词)

    4. take the issue –> take issue(对…持异议,不同意)

    (2)冠词缺漏

    1. among most –> among the most

    2. one of first –> one of the first

    3. atmosphere –>the atmosphere(表示独一无二的事物)

    4. between us and rest –> between us and the rest

    5. in minority –> in the minority

    6. around floor –> around the floor

    7. piano –>the piano (乐器前要有定冠词)

    8. English language –>the English language

    9. at heart of –> at the heart of

    10. in long run –> in the long run

    【5】形容词副词混用:形容?#24066;?#39280;名词,副?#24066;?#39280;动词、形容词或整个句子

    1. be well equipped as –> be as well equipped as

    2. heavy industrialized –>heavily-industrialized

    3. spread colossal –> spread colossally

    4. similar strong –>similarly strong

    5. feel hopeless thwarted –> feel hopelessly thwarted

    6. comparative high proportion –>comparatively high proportion

    7. in the passed 5 years –> in the past 5 years

    8. culture embedded attitudes –>culturally embedded attitudes

    9. increasing – increasingly

    10. simple – simply

    11. pure – purely

    12. much – many

    【6】成分残缺、多余

    1. a world which I could get… – a world in which I could get…

    2. the idea shows – the idea that shows (先行?#35797;?#23450;语从句中作主语,关系代词不可省略)

    3. take for granted that – take it for granted that

    4. one of the most glaring form – one of the most glaring forms

    5. their jobs engage in their interest – their jobs engage their interest (engage单独使用表示“占用(某人时间),吸引(某人注意力)”)

    6. complain about sth. – complain sth.

    7. work sth. – work out sth.

    8. believe in – believe (believe单独使用表示?#35805;?#30340;“相信”,believe in表示“信?#25991;?#20154;,信仰…”)

    9. 20 percents – 20 percent

    10. eyes contact – eye contact

    11. seven – seventh

    12. the process which it function – the process by which it function

    13. communication service – communications service (通?#27431;?#21153;、通讯服务)

    14. average incomes – average income (income为不可数名词)

    15. the like of – the likes of (诸如此类的)

    16. be referred to XX – be referred to as XX

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