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    筆譯口譯

    學習經驗翻譯技巧翻譯賞析單詞翻譯口譯筆記筆譯考試口譯考試文化差異標書翻譯法律翻譯

    翻譯賞析:賽珍珠《水滸傳》英譯本賞析

    yun 于2016-12-21發布 l 已有人瀏覽
    增大字體 減小字體
    《水滸傳》的英譯本有四個版本,其中較受歡迎,影響較大的是美國女作家賽珍珠版本的All Men Are Brothers。

    55aacfa412adbd76550fcae2d8a1c68f.jpg

    作為中國四大名著之一的《水滸傳》,不僅對中國社會產生深遠影響,在國外也備受關注和喜愛。《水滸傳》的英譯本有四個版本,其中較受歡迎,影響較大的是美國女作家賽珍珠版本的All Men Are Brothers。

    賽譯以直譯為主,盡可能保留了原作的風格和意義,甚至原封不動地保留了一些即使中文讀者也不是很感興趣的內容。

    例1、水滸傳

    賽譯:All Men Are Brothers

    解析:賽譯“All Men Are Brothers”引用了《論語》中的名句“四海之內皆兄弟”,表達了梁山好漢之間的兄弟義氣。

    例2、若問我名字,嚇碎你心膽

    賽譯:It will frighten your heart and gall into pieces.

    解析:從這短短一句中,就能清晰看出賽譯的特點,賽譯逐字直譯,表現出原文的夸張,譯文也生動貼切。

    例3、原來宋江是個好漢,只愛學使槍棒,與女色上不十分要緊。這閻婆惜水也似后生,況兼十八九歲,正在妙齡之際,因此,宋江不中那婆娘意。

    譯文:Because Sung Chiang was originally and by nature a good fellow and he loved only to use weapons and learn the ways of war and the love of women was to him a thing of no great importance. But this Po Hsi was a woman as unstable as water, and she was but eighteen or nineteen years old, and was in the flower of her youth, and for this she was not pleased with Sung Chiang.

    解析:中文講究意合,是“竹式結構”,多短句,句子之間地位平等,不太講究嚴密的邏輯。而英語是“樹形結構”,多長句、從句,句子結構嚴謹、講究邏輯。賽珍珠在翻譯時,也刻意保留了中文的“竹式結構”,多用“and”連接,而沒有采取從句的方式。

    例4、魯達再入一步,踏住胸脯,提起那醋缽兒大小拳頭,看著這鄭屠道:“灑家始投老種經略相公,做到關西五路廉訪使,也不枉了叫做鎮關西。你是個賣肉的操刀屠戶,狗一般的人,也叫做鎮關西!你如何強騙了金翠蓮!”

    譯文:Then Lu Ta went forward another step and as Cheng sprawled there, Lu put one foot in his breast. Lu Ta’s fists, each as big as a coarse earthen bowl, were outstretched and his eyes glared down at Cheng and he said, “ I was at first a guard before the general’s gate, and then I was raised to be an official over five different districts, and I do not think I held the title of lord in vain, and are you fit to be called by that name, who are but a meat-selling, knife-holding butcher — a man like a dog. Shall you be called an official? How did you dare to use force to cheat the maid surnamed Chin and named Jade Lotus?

    解析:上文片段為“魯提轄拳打鎮關西”的片段,體現了魯智深鮮明的人物形象。語言口語化,通俗生動。譯文選詞上也多為常用詞,雖為直譯,盡量保留了原文短句的形式,但多個“and”連接,反而失去了原文簡練的特點。

    賽珍珠為了保持原汁原味,盡可能還原原作中的敘述方式:

    1、標題。《水滸傳》為章回體小說,其標題多對偶,賽珍珠在翻譯時也保留了對偶特征。

    例5、入云龍斗法破高廉  黑旋風下井救柴進

    譯文:The Dragon Of The Clouds uses his magic to vanquish Kao. The Black Whirlwind descends into a well to save Chai Chin.

         三山聚義打青州  眾虎同心歸水泊

    譯文:The three mountains gather together to attack Ching Chou. All the tigers turn to the robber’s lair.

    2、套語。套語是中國古典章回體小說的重要標志之一,極具中國文化特色。在每章結束時,作者會用“欲知后事如何,請聽下回分解”這樣的套語將故事引入到下一章節。

    例6、......且聽下回分解。

    譯文:......Pray hear it told in the next chapter

    例7、......不在話下

    譯文:......Of that no more need be said.

    例8、且說......

    譯文:Let it be told further...

    解析:賽珍珠在翻譯時保留了中國古典章回體小說文體,給讀者帶來一種新鮮感和陌生感,同時也讓譯文讀者在一定程度上了解中國古典文化。

    雖然很多學者對賽珍珠的譯文褒貶不一,但不可否認的是,這種直譯的方式,很大程度上保留了中國古典文學色彩,雖然會讓西方讀者一開始難以接受,但是卻為其展現了中國古典文學的特點,帶給讀者一種新鮮和獨特的感受,促進不同文化之間的交流與碰撞。


    【文章來源:滬江英語】

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