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    VOA日常英語語法視頻 Everyday Grammar: Reported Speech 2016-11-27(英語字幕)

    chengbin2 于2017-02-28發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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    VOA日常英語語法視頻,Everyday Grammar: Reported Speech 2016-11-27,英語視頻帶字幕,是VOA最經典的節目之一,最佳英語學習材料。

    This is Everyday Grammar. And I'm Kaveh.

    歡迎收看《每日語法》欄目,我是Kaveh。

    He said that this is Everyday Grammar and he's Kaveh.

    他說這是《每日語法》欄目,他叫Kaveh。

    Umm…. What are you doing?

    嗯…你在干嘛?

    Oh, I thought you knew. We are covering Reported Speech.

    噢,我以為你知道,我在覆蓋reported speech(間接引語)的知識。

    Oh, OK. Well, she's Lucija.

    噢,好吧,她叫Lucija。

    REPORTED SPEECH is telling others what another person has said.

    用Reported Speech的方式來告訴其他人另一個人所說的話。

    For example, "he said that this is Everyday Grammar and that he's Kaveh.""He" is the subject, "said" is the reporting verb, and everything else is the reported speech clause.

    例如,he said that this is Everyday Grammar and that he's Kaveh.(他說這是《每日語法》欄目,他叫Kaveh),這句話中he是主語,said是引語動詞,其他都是間接引語從句的成分。

    When trying to use REPORTED SPEECH, you need to keep in mind four simple things:

    使用間接引語時,記住四件簡單的事情:

    You need to choose a reporting verb and tense. If you're reporting the recent information, keep the reporting verb in the present tense.

    1. 引語動詞和時態的選擇。如果你引述的是近期的信息,引述動詞用一般現在時。例如:

    I'm hungry.

    I'm hungry.(我餓了。)

    He says he IS hungry.

    He says he IS hungry.(他說他餓了。)

    If you're not reporting brand new information, you need to "backshift" the verb tense. Present comes to past, and past becomes past perfect.

    2. 如果引述的不是最新信息,引述動詞時態需后移,即,一般現在時變成一般過去時,一般過去時變成過去完成時。

    You need to change the point of view. In other words, "I" becomes "he" or "she".

    3. 轉換視角,換句話說,即I變成he或she。

    You need to decide whether to use "that" or "if."

    4. 確定使用what還是if引導從句。

    That is a conjunction and is optional.

    that是一個連接詞,可有可無。例如:

    She says she is visiting Alice.

    She says she is visiting Alice.(她說她在探望愛麗絲。)

    She says that she is visiting Alice.

    She says that she is visiting Alice.(她說她在探望愛麗絲。)

    Use "if" to report a yes or no question.

    在引述需要回答“是”或“否”的句子時,使用if。例如:

    Are you hungry?

    Are you hungry?(你餓了嗎?)

    She asked if I was hungry.

    She asked if I was hungry.(她問我是否餓了。)

    And that's Everyday Grammar.

    以上就是今天節目的全部內容。

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