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    英語名師答疑:到底該用"I"還是用"Me"?

    kira86 于2018-09-04發布 l 已有人瀏覽
    增大字體 減小字體
    改用“I”還是該用“me”?即使是英語為母語的人對于句子中使用哪一個也不總是非常明確。今天名師大衣為你詳解它們二者的區別。
      小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

    Ask a Teacher.jpg
    Ask a Teacher: 'I' or 'Me'?

    名師答疑:“I”還是“Me”?

    Welcome to Ask a Teacher-a new program where readers ask questions and teachers answer them.

    歡迎收聽名師答疑節目——在新節目中,讀者可以提問,名師會進行解答。

    Some of the first words English students learn are "I" and "me." But even native English speakers do not always know which one to use in a sentence. In today's Ask a Teacher, Fernanda from Brazil gets right to the heart of the problem. Here is her question.

    學習英語的學生最開始學習的詞匯就包括“I”和“me”。但即使是英語為母語的人對于句子中使用哪一個也不總是非常明確。在今天的名師答疑節目中,來自巴西的費爾南達直擊問題要害,問出了這個問題。以下是她的提問。

    Sometimes I don't know when to use "I" or "me." For example, I want to tell someone that I made some food with a friend. How can I say it: "Monica and I made the food?" or "Monica and me made the food"?

    我有時不知道什么時候用“I”,什么時候用“me”。例如,我想要告訴某人我和朋友一起做了些食物。我應該怎么說呢?應該是用“Monica and I made the food?”還是用“Monica and me made the food?”

    Hello Fernanda!

    費爾南達,你好!

    I can tell that you know to use the word "I" when you are the only subject of the sentence. You correctly wrote "I want..." for example. In this case, "I" is the subject and "want" is the verb.

    我可以說你知道當你是句子唯一主語時應使用“I”。比如,你正確的寫出了“I want...”這個句子。在這個例子中,“I”是主語,“want”是動詞。

    But you are asking about a situation involving two people: you and your friend.

    但你的問題是當涉及到兩個人的情境時:你和你的朋友。

    Let's review what you already know to find the answer.

    我們來復習一下你已知的知識,從而尋找答案。

    I is a subject pronoun. It refers to the person performing the action of a verb. Use "I" for the subject of the sentence.

    “I”是主語代詞。它指的是動詞動作的實施者。“I”用作句子主語。

    Me is an object pronoun. It refers to the person receiving the action of a verb. Use "me" for the object of the sentence.

    “Me”是賓語代詞。它指的是動詞動作的承受者。“me”用作句子賓語。

    In your sentence about cooking, are you and your friend the subject or the object of the verb "made"? In other words, are you the ones making the food - or is the food making you?

    在有關烹飪的這個句子中,你和你的朋友是動詞“made”的主語還是賓語呢?換句話說,是你們制作的食物?還是食物制作的你們?

    You are making the food, of course. So, the answer to your question is: "Monica and I made the food." In this sentence, the whole subject is "Monica and I."

    當然是你們制作食物。所以問題的答案應該是“Monica and I made the food。”這句話中,完整的主語是“Monica and I”。

    Let's look at a few more sentences with "I" as part of the subject:

    讓我們再看幾個“I”做主語的句子:

    In September, Monica and I are starting classes.

    9月,莫妮卡和我將開始上課。

    When can Monica and I visit the new museum?

    莫妮卡和我什么時候可以參觀新博物館?

    And sentences with "me" as part of the object:

    以下是“me”做賓語的句子:

    What did you bring back for Monica and me?

    你給我和莫妮卡帶了什么?

    David is giving Monica and me a ride to the airport.

    大衛要送莫妮卡和我去機場。

    If you're still not sure whether to choose "me" or "I," try keeping just the pronoun. Listen:

    如果你仍不能確定選擇“me”還是“I”,那么就試一試保留代詞。請聽:

    What did you bring back for I?

    你給我帶了什么?

    You would not ask, "What did you bring back for I?" The correct way to form the question is: "What did you bring back for me?" Then you can just add the other person back to the sentence: "What did you bring back for Monica and me?"

    你不能用“What did you bring back for I?”提問。正確提問的方式應該是"What did you bring back for me?"之后將另一個人添加到句子中,應該是:“What did you bring back for Monica and me?”

    And that's Ask a Teacher.

    以上就是本期名師答疑的全部內容。

    I'm Alice Bryant.

    艾麗斯·布萊恩特為您播報。

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