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    科學學在太平洋最深處發現三種新魚類

    kira86 于2018-09-19發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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    科學家們說,他們在地球上最深的地方之一發現了三種新魚類。
      小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

    魚.jpg
    Three New Fish Species Found in Pacific Ocean

    太平洋發現三種新魚類

    Scientists say they have discovered three new species of fish in one of the deepest places on Earth.

    科學家們說,他們在地球上最深的地方之一發現了三種新魚類。

    All three species were found in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Chile and Peru.They were deep in the Atacama Trench -- 7,500 meters below the surface.

    這三種魚類都是在智利和秘魯海岸線外的太平洋發現的。他們在阿塔卡馬海溝深處——位于海平面以下7500米。

    Researchers from Britain's Newcastle University say the new species have been given temporary names based on their coloring.They are known as 'the pink, the blue and the purple Atacama Snailfish.'

    英國紐卡斯爾大學的研究人員說,新魚類的臨時名字是根據它們的顏色來命名的。它們被稱為“粉色、藍色和紫色的阿塔卡馬獅子魚”。

    The three snailfish species are different from most other fish.Their unusual bodies are built to deal with the cold water and extreme pressure deep in the ocean.

    這三種魚類與其他大多數魚類不同。他們異于其他魚類的身體是為了抵擋冰冷的海水和深海的極端壓力。

    All three are small and translucent, meaning light can pass through their skin.They also have no scales on the skin for protection.

    這三種魚類都是小而透明的,這意味著光線可以穿過它們的皮膚。他們的皮膚上也沒有鱗片保護。

    Thomas Linley is with Newscastle University.He said in a statement, "the hardest structures in their bodies are the bones in their inner ear which give them balance and their teeth.Without the extreme pressure and cold to support their bodies they are extremely fragile and melt rapidly when brought to the surface."

    托馬斯·林利在紐卡斯爾大學任職。他在一份聲明中說,“他們身體中最堅硬的結構是內耳中的保持平衡的骨骼和牙齒。”如果沒有極端高壓和寒冷來刺激它們的身體,它們是極其脆弱的,當它們被帶到地面時,它們會迅速融化。”

    A team of 40 scientists from 17 nations captured video of the fish in their natural environment.

    一個由來自17個國家的40名科學家組成的團隊在這些魚生活的自然環境中拍攝了一些這些魚的視頻。

    Other scientists say the "blue" Atacama Snailfish appeared to be a rare "winged" snailfish.But it has a long fin and big head similar to the Ethereal Snailfish off the coast of Mariana Islands.

    另外一些科學家說,“藍色”的阿塔卡馬獅子魚是一種罕見的“有翅膀”的獅子魚。但它的長長的鰭和大大的腦袋類似于馬里亞納群島海岸外的幻影獅子魚。

    The "pink" was closer in appearance to the Mariana Snailfish,a species found in the deepest part of Mariana Trench on the other side of the Pacific.

    “粉色”阿塔卡馬獅子魚在外形上更接近于馬里亞納獅子魚,這是在太平洋另一側的馬里亞納海溝最深處發現的一種魚類。

    The third species is a small purple snailfish.It is similar to fish living at the depth of 3,500 meters.One of the purple snailfish, about 9 centimeters long, was brought to the surface for further study.

    第三種是一種小型的紫色獅子魚。它類似于生活在3500米深的一種魚。這些紫色獅子魚中的一種,長約9厘米,被帶到地面進行進一步研究。

    In addition to the discovery of the new species of snailfish, scientists also captured rare video of long-legged isopods, known as Munnopsids.The shellfish has a small body, about the size of a human hand.It can swim backwards and upside down using its extremely long legs.

    除了新發現的獅子魚,科學家還拍到了罕見的長腿足類動物視頻,也就是知名的“Munnopsids”。這種獅子魚身體小小的,大約有人類的手那么大。它可以用它超長的腿向后游動,也可以上下翻滾。

    The scientists say what they have found in the deep sea is an environment rich with many species in large numbers.

    科學家們說,他們在深海中發現的是一個富含大量物種的環境。

    From the video shot by the Newcastle scientists, Linley said, "There is something about the snailfish that allows them to adapt to living very deep.Beyond the reach of other fish they are free of competitors and predators."

    在紐卡斯爾大學的科學家們拍攝的視頻中,林利說:“獅子魚的一些特性可以讓它們適應生活在非常深的海域。”除了其他可以到達這種深度的魚,它們沒有競爭對手和捕食者。”

    He added, "they seem to be quite active and look very well-fed."

    他補充說,“他們看起來很活躍,看起來營養也很豐富。”

    I'm Anna Matteo.

    安娜·馬特奧報道。

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