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    科学学在太平洋最深处发现三种新鱼类

    kira86 于2018-09-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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    科学家们说,他们在地球上最深的地方之一发现了三种新鱼类。
      小E英语?#38431;?#24744;,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

    鱼.jpg
    Three New Fish Species Found in Pacific Ocean

    太平洋发现三种新鱼类

    Scientists say they have discovered three new species of fish in one of the deepest places on Earth.

    科学家们说,他们在地球上最深的地方之一发现了三种新鱼类。

    All three species were found in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Chile and Peru.They were deep in the Atacama Trench -- 7,500 meters below the surface.

    这三种鱼类?#38469;?#22312;智利和秘鲁海岸线外的太平洋发现的。他们在阿塔卡马海沟深处——位于海平面以下7500米。

    Researchers from Britain's Newcastle University say the new species have been given temporary names based on their coloring.They are known as 'the pink, the blue and the purple Atacama Snailfish.'

    英国纽卡斯尔大学的研究人员说,新鱼类的临时名字是根据它们的颜色来命名的。它们?#24576;?#20026;“粉色、蓝色和紫色的阿塔卡马狮子鱼”。

    The three snailfish species are different from most other fish.Their unusual bodies are built to deal with the cold water and extreme pressure deep in the ocean.

    这三种鱼类与其他大多数鱼类不同。他们异于其他鱼类的身体是为?#35828;?#25377;冰冷的海水和深海的极端压力。

    All three are small and translucent, meaning light can pass through their skin.They also have no scales on the skin for protection.

    这三种鱼类?#38469;?#23567;而透明的,这意味着光线可以穿过它们的皮肤。他们的皮肤上也没有鳞片保护。

    Thomas Linley is with Newscastle University.He said in a statement, "the hardest structures in their bodies are the bones in their inner ear which give them balance and their teeth.Without the extreme pressure and cold to support their bodies they are extremely fragile and melt rapidly when brought to the surface."

    ?#26032;?#26031;·林利在纽卡斯尔大学任职。他在一份声明中说,“他们身体中最坚硬的结?#25925;?#20869;耳中的保持平衡的骨骼?#33073;?#40831;。”如果没有极端高压和寒冷来刺激它们的身体,它们是极其脆弱的,当它们被带到地面时,它们会迅速融化。”

    A team of 40 scientists from 17 nations captured video of the fish in their natural environment.

    一个由来自17个国家的40名科学家组成的团队在这些鱼生活的自然环?#25345;信?#25668;了一些这些鱼的视频。

    Other scientists say the "blue" Atacama Snailfish appeared to be a rare "winged" snailfish.But it has a long fin and big head similar to the Ethereal Snailfish off the coast of Mariana Islands.

    另外一些科学家说,“蓝色”的阿塔卡马狮子鱼是一种罕见的“有翅膀”的狮子鱼。但它的长长的鳍和大大的脑袋类似于马里亚纳群?#27721;?#23736;外的幻影狮子鱼。

    The "pink" was closer in appearance to the Mariana Snailfish,a species found in the deepest part of Mariana Trench on the other side of the Pacific.

    “粉色”阿塔卡马狮子鱼在外形上更接近于马里亚纳狮子鱼,这是在太平洋另一侧的马里亚纳海沟最深处发现的一种鱼类。

    The third species is a small purple snailfish.It is similar to fish living at the depth of 3,500 meters.One of the purple snailfish, about 9 centimeters long, was brought to the surface for further study.

    第三种是一种小型的紫色狮子鱼。它类似于生活在3500米深的一种鱼。这些紫色狮子鱼中的一种,长约9厘米,被带到地面进行进一步研究。

    In addition to the discovery of the new species of snailfish, scientists also captured rare video of long-legged isopods, known as Munnopsids.The shellfish has a small body, about the size of a human hand.It can swim backwards and upside down using its extremely long legs.

    除了新发现的狮子鱼,科学家还拍到了罕见的长腿足类动物视频,也就是知名的“Munnopsids”。这种狮子鱼身体小小的,大约有人类的手那么大。它可?#26434;?#23427;超长的腿向后游动,也可以上下翻滚。

    The scientists say what they have found in the deep sea is an environment rich with many species in large numbers.

    科学家们说,他们在深海中发现的是一个富含大量物种的环?#22330;?/p>

    From the video shot by the Newcastle scientists, Linley said, "There is something about the snailfish that allows them to adapt to living very deep.Beyond the reach of other fish they are free of competitors and predators."

    在纽卡斯尔大学的科学家们拍摄的视频?#26657;?#26519;利说:“狮子鱼的一些特性可以让它们?#35270;?#29983;活在非常深的海域。”除了其他可以到达这种深度的鱼,它们没有竞争对手和捕食者。”

    He added, "they seem to be quite active and look very well-fed."

    他补充说,“他们看起来很活跃,看起来营养也很丰富。”

    I'm Anna Matteo.

    安娜·马特奥报道。

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