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    名师答疑惑:Travel, Trip 和Journey 的用法区别

    kira86 于2019-03-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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    Travel, Trip 和Journey都有旅?#23567;?#26053;途的意思,但它们之间的用法却有所区别,?#26053;?#26469;看看美国之音的名师告诉你分别该在什么时候用每个词吧。
      小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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    Travel, Trip or Journey?

    Travel, Trip 和Journey 的用法区别

    In today's Ask a Teacher, our reader Leopoldo asks about three commonly confused travel words. Here is the question:

    在今天的《名师答疑?#26041;諛恐校?#25105;们的读者莱奥波尔多?#23454;?#19977;个常常容易混淆的旅行词语。问题来了:

    Hi! Can you explain when it is correct to use "trip," "journey" or "travel"? Thank you for your answer.

    你好!请问你能帮忙解释一下,分别什么时候使用“trip”, "journey" 和 "travel"吗?谢谢。

    Hello, Leopoldo!

    你好,莱奥波尔多!

    Are you traveling anytime soon? If so, where are you going on your trip?I hope the journey goes smoothly and that you have a great time.

    你马上要去旅行吗?是的话,你的旅行打算去哪儿?希望你旅途顺利,玩得愉快。

    Did you note how I used the words? I used "travel" as a verb and the other two words as nouns.That is how we use them most often.

    你有没有注意到我是怎么用这些词的?我把“travel”用作动词,把另外两个词语用作名词。这就是我们最常使用它们的方?#20581;?/p>

    Now, we will explore each word, beginning with "travel."

    现在,我们要探讨每个词语,?#21364;?ldquo;travel”开始。

    Travel is a verb that means "to go to a place and especially one that is far away."Far can mean long distances within the same country or to other countries.For instance:I have a friend who travels abroad a lot for work.

    “Travel”用作动词时,表示“去某个地方,尤其是远的地方”。这里说的远, 可以指同一国家内距离远,或者是去其他国家。例如:我有个朋友经常出国工作。

    Travel can also be a noun that relates to the act or activity of traveling in general. For instance:

    “Travel”也可用作名词,泛指与旅行有关的行为或活动。例如:

    The future of U.S. travel is not likely to include high-speed rail.

    美国未来的旅游出行方式不太可能包括高铁。

    A common mistake with "travel" is confusing it with "trip," like this:

    一个常见错误就是将“travel”与“trip”混为一谈,例如:

    I bought this souvenir on my travel to California.

    我在我去加利福尼亚的旅行?#26032;?#20102;这个纪念品。

    We rarely use "travel" with "my," "your," "a" or other determiners.

    在英语?#26657;?#25105;们很少将“travel”与“我的”、“你的”、“一个”或其他限定词连用。

    The word "trip" is a noun that means "the act of going to another place and returning." For example:

    “trip”用作名词,表示“去另一个地方并返回的行为”。例如:

    I bought this souvenir on my trip to California.

    我去加利福尼亚旅行时买了这个纪念品。

    We also often use the verbs "go on" or "take" with "trip," like this:

    我们经常将“trip”与动词“go on” 或 “take” 搭配使用,例如:

    I took a long trip to California last year.

    去年我去?#24605;?#21033;福尼亚旅?#23567;?/p>

    And, we say things like "day trip," "business trip," and "road trip" to describe different kinds of trips.

    并且,我们用“day trip”(一日游)、“business trip”(商务旅行)、和“road trip”(公路旅行)?#21364;?#35821;来描述不同类型的旅?#23567;?/p>

    We do not use the word as a verb for travel.

    我们不会将这个词用作旅行的动词。

    The word "journey" is a noun that means "the act of going from one place to another."

    “journey”用作名词,表示“从一个地方到另一个地方的行为”。

    But, we use it in two specific ways:

    但是,我们有两个使用它的具体方法:

    One is to talk about a trip that takes a long time, especially if there are either difficulties or discoveries in transit. For instance:

    一是用它来表示需要很长时间的旅行,尤指那些中途遇到困难或发现的旅?#23567;?例如:

    I hope to take a journey across America by car one day.

    我希望有一天能开车穿越美国。

    The other is to talk about a trip that does not involve physical distance, but instead is a process of learning or self-discovery, as in this:

    另一个方法则是用 “travel”来表示不涉及物理距离的旅行,而是一个学习或自我发现的过程,例如:

    A 10-day vipassana is a kind of spiritual journey.

    10天的内观是?#24535;?#31070;之旅。

    We rarely use "journey" as a verb except in some styles of writing.

    除了在某些书面文体中使用,否则我们很少将“journey”用作动词。

    And that's Ask a Teacher.

    以上是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容。

    I'm Alice Bryant.

    爱丽丝·布莱恩特报道。

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