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    名師答疑惑:Travel, Trip 和Journey 的用法區別

    kira86 于2019-03-01發布 l 已有人瀏覽
    增大字體 減小字體
    Travel, Trip 和Journey都有旅行、旅途的意思,但它們之間的用法卻有所區別,下面來看看美國之音的名師告訴你分別該在什么時候用每個詞吧。
      小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

    旅行.jpg
    Travel, Trip or Journey?

    Travel, Trip 和Journey 的用法區別

    In today's Ask a Teacher, our reader Leopoldo asks about three commonly confused travel words. Here is the question:

    在今天的《名師答疑》節目中,我們的讀者萊奧波爾多問到三個常常容易混淆的旅行詞語。問題來了:

    Hi! Can you explain when it is correct to use "trip," "journey" or "travel"? Thank you for your answer.

    你好!請問你能幫忙解釋一下,分別什么時候使用“trip”, "journey" 和 "travel"嗎?謝謝。

    Hello, Leopoldo!

    你好,萊奧波爾多!

    Are you traveling anytime soon? If so, where are you going on your trip?I hope the journey goes smoothly and that you have a great time.

    你馬上要去旅行嗎?是的話,你的旅行打算去哪兒?希望你旅途順利,玩得愉快。

    Did you note how I used the words? I used "travel" as a verb and the other two words as nouns.That is how we use them most often.

    你有沒有注意到我是怎么用這些詞的?我把“travel”用作動詞,把另外兩個詞語用作名詞。這就是我們最常使用它們的方式。

    Now, we will explore each word, beginning with "travel."

    現在,我們要探討每個詞語,先從“travel”開始。

    Travel is a verb that means "to go to a place and especially one that is far away."Far can mean long distances within the same country or to other countries.For instance:I have a friend who travels abroad a lot for work.

    “Travel”用作動詞時,表示“去某個地方,尤其是遠的地方”。這里說的遠, 可以指同一國家內距離遠,或者是去其他國家。例如:我有個朋友經常出國工作。

    Travel can also be a noun that relates to the act or activity of traveling in general. For instance:

    “Travel”也可用作名詞,泛指與旅行有關的行為或活動。例如:

    The future of U.S. travel is not likely to include high-speed rail.

    美國未來的旅游出行方式不太可能包括高鐵。

    A common mistake with "travel" is confusing it with "trip," like this:

    一個常見錯誤就是將“travel”與“trip”混為一談,例如:

    I bought this souvenir on my travel to California.

    我在我去加利福尼亞的旅行中買了這個紀念品。

    We rarely use "travel" with "my," "your," "a" or other determiners.

    在英語中,我們很少將“travel”與“我的”、“你的”、“一個”或其他限定詞連用。

    The word "trip" is a noun that means "the act of going to another place and returning." For example:

    “trip”用作名詞,表示“去另一個地方并返回的行為”。例如:

    I bought this souvenir on my trip to California.

    我去加利福尼亞旅行時買了這個紀念品。

    We also often use the verbs "go on" or "take" with "trip," like this:

    我們經常將“trip”與動詞“go on” 或 “take” 搭配使用,例如:

    I took a long trip to California last year.

    去年我去了加利福尼亞旅行。

    And, we say things like "day trip," "business trip," and "road trip" to describe different kinds of trips.

    并且,我們用“day trip”(一日游)、“business trip”(商務旅行)、和“road trip”(公路旅行)等詞語來描述不同類型的旅行。

    We do not use the word as a verb for travel.

    我們不會將這個詞用作旅行的動詞。

    The word "journey" is a noun that means "the act of going from one place to another."

    “journey”用作名詞,表示“從一個地方到另一個地方的行為”。

    But, we use it in two specific ways:

    但是,我們有兩個使用它的具體方法:

    One is to talk about a trip that takes a long time, especially if there are either difficulties or discoveries in transit. For instance:

    一是用它來表示需要很長時間的旅行,尤指那些中途遇到困難或發現的旅行。 例如:

    I hope to take a journey across America by car one day.

    我希望有一天能開車穿越美國。

    The other is to talk about a trip that does not involve physical distance, but instead is a process of learning or self-discovery, as in this:

    另一個方法則是用 “travel”來表示不涉及物理距離的旅行,而是一個學習或自我發現的過程,例如:

    A 10-day vipassana is a kind of spiritual journey.

    10天的內觀是種精神之旅。

    We rarely use "journey" as a verb except in some styles of writing.

    除了在某些書面文體中使用,否則我們很少將“journey”用作動詞。

    And that's Ask a Teacher.

    以上是本期《名師答疑》的全部內容。

    I'm Alice Bryant.

    愛麗絲·布萊恩特報道。

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